Penile Cancer Treatment
The right penile cancer treatment depends on the size of the affected area and if the cancer has spread and then at what rate. Early diagnosis of penis cancer can safe your penis, and even your life.
The Importance Of Starting Penis Cancer Treatment As Early As Possible
If penis cancer is found early on, it can usually be removed with little or no damage to the penis and you have good chance of fully recovering.
Treating penis cancer in the later stages is more likely to become life threatening. It is also likely to require more invasive treatment and may result in part or the entire penis to be removed.
The Most Common Treatment For Penis Cancer
The type and stage of your cancer and your overall physical health will affect what is the best penis cancer treatment for you. The most common penile cancer treatments are:
There has been much progress in recent years in how penis cancer is treated. New ways to use medication have been developed and surgical methods involving microscopic techniques and lasers have been refined.
Penis cancer surgery is still the main way of treating penis cancer. Sometimes radiotherapy is used instead or in addition to penis cancer surgery.
If the cancer has spread, then chemotherapy may be given after penis cancer surgery, i.e. to kill any cancer cells left behind. Sometimes chemotherapy is given before the operation, i.e. to reduce the size of the cancer.
Penis cancer surgery can affect the look and function of your penis, meaning reconstructive penis surgery may be needed.
Thanks to modern surgical techniques, penis cancer surgery has become much better at preserving as much penis tissue as possible, resulting in less serious side effects.
Survival Rate For Penis Cancer
The survival rate depends mainly on how advanced the penis cancer is at the time of diagnosis (as with most other form of cancer).
The survival rate for penis cancer is good if treated early on according to the American Cancer Society . The 5-year relative survival rate is around 85% for penis cancer that is still confined to the penis (stage I and II).
It drops to around 59% if the cancer has spread to nearby tissues or lymph nodes (like stage III and some stage of IV). If the cancer has spreads to distant parts of the body, the 5-year relative survival rate drops to 11%.
These figures highlight the importance of starting penile cancer treatment as soon as possible.